How to vote India

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Under the Citizenship Act, which guarantees them protection under the 15th Amendment, all citizens, regardless of race, colour, or prior state of slavery, have the right to vote.
Citizens of India are entitled to vote if they meet the following criteria, according to the Election Commission of India:

  • Unless disqualified, every citizen who is 18 years old on the qualifying date (January 1 of the year in this case) is eligible to enrol.
  • Only regular residences are eligible for enrollment.
  • Only register in one location.
  • An overseas Indian is considered to be habitually residing at the address listed in his or her passport.
  • Service voters who are considered ordinarily residents at their home address.

Who is not eligible to vote?

Citizens who have been ruled ineligible to vote by the law or who have been banned from voting owing to corrupt activities or any illegal activities relating to elections are not eligible to vote. A person who is not a citizen of India cannot register to vote in India’s elections.
A voter slip from the election commission will be produced whenever a citizen is entitled to vote and has enlisted as a voter. This voter slip certifies the citizen’s name on the voter list. This slip, together with a photo ID confirmation of identification, was accepted.

Identity proof

Voter identification is now required at the polls, according to the ECI. To vote, you must present your ECI-issued Voter ID Card or any other form of identification approved by the ECI.

  • If a person does not have a voter ID card, the Election Commission will accept other papers.
  • The following documents are required to register as a voter:
  • A properly completed voter registration form
  • a copy of your proof of address
  • a copy of your identification and proof of age
  • two passport-size photos taken recently

So, if you’re a first-time voter, here’s what you need to know:

The first need for voting is that your name is on the elector list. You are eligible to vote if your name appears on the voter list (also called Electoral Roll). Voters can also view information about polling booths, contending candidates, election dates and times, identity cards, and electronic voting machines (EVMs).

The voting method in the booth
  1. First and initially, the polling official will check your name on the voter list as well as your ID proof, so don’t forget to bring it with you.
  2. Accepted documents include :
  • EPIC (Voter ID card)
  • Employees of the Central/State Governments/PSUs/Public Limited Companies are provided passports, driving licences, and identity cards with photographs.
  • PAN Card Passbooks with Photographs Issued by Banks/Post Offices
  • RGI issued a smart card as part of the NPR MNREGA Job Card programme (Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee)
  • Official identity cards issued to MPs/MLAs/MLCs Aadhaar Card Health Insurance Smart Card issued under the Ministry of Labour’s scheme Pension certificate with photograph Official identity cards issued to MPs/MLAs/MLCs

How to use EVM (VVPAT)

VVPAT is for Voter Verifiable Paper Audit Trail, while EVM stands for Electronic Voting Machine (VVPAT). 

When is the election (and when are the election dates)?
The General Elections to the Legislative Assemblies of Goa, Punjab, Manipur, Uttarakhand, and Uttar Pradesh are set to take place from February 10 to March 7, 2022. To find out your particular date, go to

Phase 1 - 10th February
Phase 2 - 14th February
Phase 3 - 20th February
Phase 4 - 23rd February
Phase 5 - 27th February
Phase 6 - 3rd March
Phase 7 - 7th March

Election results will be announced on 10th March. Please check for more information

How to vote in India?

Only if your name appears on the Voter List are you eligible to vote (also known as Electoral Roll). Voters can also learn about polling booths, contesting candidates, election dates and times, identity cards, and electronic voting machines.


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